- Introduction ::Wake IslandBackground:The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941, the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake was developed as a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island's airstrip has been used by the US military, as well as for emergency landings. Operations on the island were suspended and all personnel evacuated in 2006 with the approach of super typhoon IOKE (category 5), but resultant damage was comparatively minor. A US Air Force repair team restored full capability to the airfield and facilities, and the island remains a vital strategic link in the Pacific region.Geography ::Wake IslandLocation:Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana IslandsGeographic coordinates:19 17 N, 166 39 EArea:total: 6.5 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 244land: 6.5 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:19.3 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropicalTerrain:atoll of three low coral islands, Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rimElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: unnamed location 6 mNatural resources:noneLand use:arable land: 0%permanent crops: 0%other: 100% (2011)Irrigated land:0 sq km (2011)Natural hazards:occasional typhoonsEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; emergency landing location for transpacific flightsPeople and Society ::Wake IslandPopulation:no indigenous inhabitantsnote: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)Government ::Wake IslandCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Wake IslandDependency status:unorganized, unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC by the Department of the Interior; activities in the atoll are currently conducted by the US Air ForceLegal system:US common lawFlag description:the flag of the US is usedEconomy ::Wake IslandEconomy - overview:Economic activity is limited to providing services to military personnel and contractors located on the island. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.Communications ::Wake IslandTelephone system:general assessment: satellite communications; 2 Defense Switched Network circuits off the Overseas Telephone System (OTS); located in the Hawaii area code - 808Broadcast media:American Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) provides satellite radio/TV broadcasts (2009)Transportation ::Wake IslandAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 211Airports - with paved runways:total: 12,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)Ports and terminals:none; two offshore anchorages for large shipsTransportation - note:there are no commercial or civilian flights to and from Wake Island, except in direct support of island missions; emergency landing is availableMilitary ::Wake IslandMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of the US; the US Air Force is responsible for overall administration and operation of the island facilities; the launch support facility is administered by the US Missile Defense Agency (MDA)Transnational Issues ::Wake IslandDisputes - international:claimed by Marshall Islands"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Wake Island — bezeichnet: ein Atoll im nördlichen Pazifischen Ozean, siehe Wake Wake Island (Film), US amerikanischer Kriegsfilm (1942) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wake Island — [wāk] coral atoll in the N Pacific between Midway & Guam: a U.S. possession: 3 sq mi (7.8 sq km); pop. 300 … English World dictionary
Wake Island — For other uses, see Wake Island (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Wake Island — an island in the N Pacific, belonging to the U.S.: air base. 3 sq. mi. (8 sq. km). * * * Wake Island Introduction Wake Island Background: The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in… … Universalium
Wake Island — Île Wake Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wake. Pour le film de John Farrow de 1942, voir La Sentinelle du Pacifique. Île Wake Wake Island … Wikipédia en Français
Wake Island — noun an island in the western Pacific between Guam and Hawaii • Syn: ↑Wake • Members of this Region: ↑Battle of Wake, ↑Battle of Wake Island • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Wake Island — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Wake Island Country and Admin Code UM.450 UM … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Wake Island — Wake′ Is′land n. geg an island in the N Pacific, N of the Marshall Islands, belonging to the U.S. 3 sq. mi. (8 sq. km) … From formal English to slang
Wake Island — /weɪk ˈaɪlənd/ (say wayk uyluhnd) noun an island territory of the US in the northern Pacific comprising the coral islets Wilkes, Peale, and Wake; air base. 8 km2 … Australian English dictionary
Wake Island — geographical name island N Pacific N of Marshall Islands belonging to the United States … New Collegiate Dictionary